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Other factors which affect the equipment that a hiker may carry include preparedness for unplanned events and also weight. The level of preparedness depends on the potential hazard that is common with the area where one would like to go for a hike.
The way a hike is expected to go depends on the government's regulations, the hiker, his plan and the environment. In order not to interfere with the course if nature, many hikers try as much as possible to leave their trace of them having been in a particular area. Below is what a hiker's plan in respect to hiking equipment should look like.
For Day Pack or Extremely Light Multi-day Pack : Tom Brown insists that what man needs for survival is in the order of shelter, water and food. Man is not likely to last long without shelter, can last 3 days without shelter and 3 weeks without food.
A hiker is required to have a stout knife with a blade reaching out to 9 inches. The stout knife is an important equipment a hiker should endeavour not to forger. Depending on the location and duration, the hiker may have to add more gear.
Factors that affect a hiker's choice of equipment may include the following: the distance of the trip and how remote the location may be; the weight the hiker is comfortable with and what he or she can carry; peculiar medical conditions; the weather; the terrain and nature of the land.
Other considerations include clothes and shelter, plan for water, and food. The hiker may also consider equipment for protection from animals like insect repellant, snakebite first aid, anti venom, bear spray among others. There should also be eqiupment for special activities. All of these are dependent on the carrying capacity of the hiker.
A hiker may adopt these methods in so as to maximize his carrying capacity:
He can wear a small knife on a neck-lanyard, while fixing other heavier multi tool to his belt. It is important to utilize the easy ways of carrying these equipment as one’s carrying capacity is determined by the carrying methods adopted. Some easy methods employed in carrying equipment include: A wristband, neck lanyard, pockets of one's clothes and one's belt loop are smaller and lighter methods employed for carrying equipment.
The hiker can attach a small belt pouch to his belt in other to increase his carrying capacity. In addition, the hiker may also get a body pack which is also a tactical vest, a nice way of holding your equipment close. It is a load bearing vest which will further increase a hiker's carrying capacity so he does not leave useful equipment behind.
A shoulder pack will also come in handy in spreading the useful equipment across one's body. It will engage only one shoulder at a time leaving the hands free.
A waist pack which is bigger than a waist pouch will also go a long way in improving the carrying capacity of a hiker. Day back packs are small or medium in size.
They have two straps to be hung over two shoulders and carried on the back.
Day back packs do not have very big carrying capacity as the hiker making use of any is expected to turn in by the end of the day. Nevertheless, having it ultimately increases the hiker's carrying capacity.
If the hiker decides to get a harness system, that will serve the purpose well as this system will include a back pack, a waist pack or pouch, a body vest and other smaller pouches.
Big cargo back packs are very much bugger than day back packs and can contain up to some hundred pounds. They are made with well padded straps so that the weight does not tell on the hiker. Most, if not all of them cone with waist belt.
Most hikers make divisions in their back packs where different equipments are stored according to the need each stands in for. Law enforcement agencies and the military make use of a particular system known as the modular and attachment system.
Hikers, most times, get their equipment from military surplus outlets. The construction quality of these equipment can be determines by the design, the reputation of the manufacturer, and by taking them through a field test. Also, information can be gotten from the customer reviews online.
Back packs which are well made may carry up to twice their weight in water while those with little quality bear only half their weight. Before you take off, it is important that you test the quality of your equipments, especially your back pack. The best ones are made from denier nylon material.
Hikers who pay little attention to the equipment they carry and their carrying capacity end up losing important equipment in places where they need them most. In other to avoid this, you have to consider the aforementioned factors and develop a carrying method that you are comfortable with.